(SAXOPHONE: definition - n) a jazz, military and dance-band instrument with a reed, an S-shaped (properly metal) tube, and about 20 finger-keys. - (n) saxophonist. [provenance: Sax, the inventor, and (Greek) phone the voice].
SAXHORN: definition - (n) a brass wind-instrument having a long winding tube with a bell opening, invented by Antoine or Adolphe Sax (1814-1894).
Any of a family of single-reed wind instruments ranging from soprano to bass and characterized by a conical metal tube and finger keys. The first saxophone was patented by Antoine-Joseph Sax in Paris in 1846. A saxophone has a conical metal (originally brass) tube with about 24 openings controlled by padded keys; the mouthpiece is similar to that of a clarinet. Two octave key vents allow the instrument to overblow to a higher register at the octave. Except for the sopranino and one form of the B soprano saxophone, built straight like a clarinet, saxophones have an upturned lower end and a detachable crook, or neck, at the upper end. The saxophone has great flexibility, blending well with both brasses and woodwinds. It is not widely used as a concert instrument but is quite prominent in jazz, in which it is a principal vehicle for melodic improvisation. Among the greatest jazz saxophonists have been Lester Young, Coleman Hawkins, Charlie Parker, Sonny Rollins, Ornette Coleman, and John Coltrane.